Do-Not-Call Rules Enforcement Begins

Posted: 2/2004

Do-Not-Call Rules Enforcement Begins
By Gregory E. Kunkle, Esq., and Thomas K. Crowe, Esq.

Amid ongoing legal challenges, the
federal do-not-call list is up and running and being enforced.

The FCC reports at least 2,000 consumer complaints were filed
in the first week following the lists Oct. 7 debut. The high level of
complaints prompted the creation of an FCC do-not-call enforcement task force
lead by the deputy chief of the Telecommunications Consumers Division of the FCCs
Enforcement Bureau.

In November 2003, the FCCs Enforcement Bureau issued a
proposed fine of $780,000 (assessed at $10,000 for 78 apparent violations)
against AT&T for violations of the do-not-call rules. In December 2003, the
FCC cited CPM Funding Inc. for allegedly violating the new anti-telemarketing
restrictions, but stopped short of imposing financial penalties. CPM Funding was
accused of making eight telemarketing calls to people who had put their phone
numbers on the national do-not-call registry. Because the company does not hold
an FCC license, it will not be fined unless the alleged violations persist, the
agency said. The FCC is permitted to fine a company up to $11,000 per violation.

This is a landmark enforcement step the first FCC
action to enforce our new national do-not-call rules, Enforcement
Bureau Chief David H. Solomon said in a statement. This citation demonstrates
our resolve to ensure consumers are not bothered by unwanted, intrusive calls to
their homes.

Solomon told the Washington Post the FCC has many other
investigations underway and has sent warning letters to 40 companies. He says
the agency is focusing its investigations on companies in industries where the
FTC does not have jurisdiction, such as telecommunications, banking and

The FCCs zeal to enforce the donot- call rules means
telecom service providers employing telemarketing must make sure they comply
with the new rules. For this reason, it is critical providers are aware of the
restrictions imposed by the rules and the ways in which to avoid liability under

Issued in July 2003, the FCCs rules essentially mirror the
FTCs rules, although there are slight differences between the two. The most important difference for telecom providers is
telemarketing conducted on their behalf is restricted only by the FCCs
do-not-call rules. Thus, telecom providers that use telemarketing and
telemarketers that offer services on their behalf will need to focus on the FCCs
rules regarding the national do-not-call list.

The information below details the FCCs do-not-call list
rules and modifications to the Telecommunications Consumer Protection Act (TCPA)
telemarketing rules as prescribed in the FCCs July 3, 2003, Report and Order.
Telecom service providers and telemarketers should review their procedures to
ensure they are in compliance.


The FCCs rules state no person or entity shall
place a telemarketing solicitation to a residential subscriber who has placed
his or her number on the national do-not-call list. Companies planning to
conduct telemarketing to residential customers will need to obtain the official
donot- call list and scrub any potential contacts from the list. In order
to access the do-not-call list for the first time, each company (i.e., telecom
service provider or telemarketer) will have to provide contact information
including company name, address, contact person and his/her address and
telephone number. If the entity accessing the system is a telemarketing company accessing the
registry on behalf of a telecom provider, that provider also must be identified.
An annual fee will be assessed based on the number of area
codes requested ($29 per area code or $7,250 for access to the entire data base.
There will be no charge to access up to five area codes). Each entity will have
to pay this fee via credit card or electronic funds transfer. Each companys copy of the registry needs to be updated
every three months.

The FCCs rules state no person or entity may sell, rent,
lease, purchase or use the national do-not-call database for any purpose except
compliance with FTC, FCC, state or other federal laws set to prevent telephone
solicitations to people on the list. The rules also state telemarketers may not
sell the list to others or divide the cost of accessing the list among various
sellers. In other words, each telecom service provider must purchase the
database, or that portion on which it intends to base its telemarketing
campaign, from the do-not-call list administrator. For example, if a
telemarketer is accessing the database on behalf of multiple long-distance
provider clients, each client also will be subject to the fee.

The rules do provide a safe harbor against violations. Anyone
making telephone solicitations will not be liable for violating the
do-notcall list requirement if the violation is an error and if the company can
prove that, as part of its routine business practice, it meets the following

  1. It has established and implemented written procedures to
    comply with the national donot- call rules;
  2. It has personnel trained in these procedures;
  3. It has maintained and recorded a list of telephone numbers
    the seller may not contact;
  4. It has documents proving it uses a process to prevent
    solicitations to any number on the do-not-call list (as updated within three
    months); and
  5. It uses a process to ensure it does not sell, rent, lease,
    purchase or use the list for any purpose other than complying with national
    donot- call registry rules.

Telemarketing Providers. Effective Jan. 1, any telecom carrier
providing service to any entity for the purpose of telephone solicitation must
make a one-time notification to that entity of the do-not-call requirements; however, failure to receive such notification will not serve
as defense to any entity making a telephone solicitation in violation of the
donot- call rules.

Effect on state do-not-call lists. The federal rules and
registry constitute a floor and supercede any less restrictive state do-not-call
rules. Many states may have their own registries and rules regarding intrastate
telemarketing, however, any telephone numbers within that state on the national
registry also must be placed on the state registry. Telemarketers placing intrastate telemarketing calls must also
be aware of these state registries and regulations to prevent violating
state-specific rules. The FCCs rules do not specify whether federal
regulation will preempt state regulation of interstate telemarketing calls.


The FCCs order identifies several cases where
the national do-not-call registry rules will not apply. These exemptions are
described below.

Established Business Relationship. The
FCC defines established business relationship as 18 months from a purchase or transaction or three months
from an inquiry or application. This exemption allows a telemarketer to contact
a customer with an established business relationship for this duration of time
unless the customer requests to be placed on a company-specific do-not-call
list, in which case he or she may not be contacted. This exemption applies to all products offered by a company.
The exemption also applies to affiliates of the company with whom the customer
has an established business relationship only if the customer would
reasonably expect the affiliate to be included given the nature and type of

Prior Express Permission to Contact. In
the case where an agreement is signed by the customer stating he or she agrees
to be contacted and gives the number he or she agrees to be contacted at, that
specific company is exempt from the new telemarketing rules. It is important to
note the agreement must be signed either by hand or e-signature.

Tax-Exempt Nonprofit Organizations. The new telemarketing rules are not extended to tax-exempt
nonprofit organizations or calls by independent telemarketers made on their
behalf as these calls are specifically excluded from the TCPAs definition of
telephone solicitation. These organizations also are exempt from
company-specific do-notcall rules.

Calls to Personal Relationships. Calls made to persons with
whom the telemarketer has a personal relationship (i.e., friends, family,
acquaintances) also are exempt because the FCC considers such calls to be
expected and limited in number.


In its order, the FCC concludes the
retention of the company-specific rules (adopted in the 1992 TCPA order) will
complement the national do-not-call registry by providing consumers with an
additional option for managing telemarketing calls. Thus, telemarketers are responsible for adhering to the
existing company-specific rules. Several modifications to these companyspecific
rules were adopted in the FCCs order, however, and are described below.

  • The FCC has reduced the required time to retain names of
    parties who have requested not to be called in a companys database from 10
    years to five years.
  • Despite industry comments requesting an extension of the
    time limit by which to honor do-not-call requests, the FCC has concluded that
    requests must be honored when made; the subscribers telephone number must be
    placed on the do-not-call list at the time the request is made. Processing time to complete the request must not exceed 30
    days of the date the request was made.
  • The FCCs order also adopts a provision stating that a
    consumers do-not-call request terminates the established business
    relationship for purposes of telemarketing calls even if the consumer continues
    to do business with the seller.
  • The FCCs company specific do-not-call rules require any
    person or entity making telephone solicitations to have procedures to maintain a
    list of persons requesting not to receive telemarketing calls. The procedures
    must meet the following minimum requirements:
  • Have a written policy, available upon demand, for
    maintaining a do-not-call list.
  • Personnel involved in any aspect of telemarketing must be
    trained on the existence and use of the do-not-call list.
  • Requests by called parties not to be called must be
    recorded at the time of the request and available upon demand for disclosure. Requests must be honored for five years from the time the
    request is made.
  • Anyone making a call for telemarketing purposes must
    identify the name of the caller, the name of the person/entity on whose behalf
    the call is being made and the telephone number (not a 900 number or any other
    number for which charges exceed local or long distance transmission charges) or
    address at which the person/entity may be contacted.


Telephone Dialing Equipment.
Automated telephone dialing equipment is prohibited from
dialing emergency numbers, health care facilities, telephone numbers assigned to wireless services, and any other numbers for which
the consumer is charged for the call. The FCC also prohibits the use of any
technology to dial any telephone number for the purpose of determining whether
the line is a fax or voice line. The FCC has concluded predictive dialers (which
differ from normal autodialers because they use predictive dialing software and
a database of numbers) should be classified as automated telephone dialing
equipment and, thus, are subject to the same rules.

Artificial/Prerecorded Voice Messages. Prerecorded messages that constitute telephone
solicitations as well as unsolicited advertisements are banned,
including dual purpose calls to current customers (i.e., calls from phone
companies to customers regarding new calling plans) as they would, in most
cases, constitute unsolicited advertisements. However, if the company does have an established business
relationship, it would be permitted under the FCCs rules. Absent an
established business relationship, the telemarketer first must obtain the prior
express consent of the called party to lawfully initiate the call. Additionally,
all prerecorded messages, whether delivered by automated dialing equipment or
not, must identify the name of the business, individual or entity responsible
for initiating the call, along with the telephone number of such business,
individual or entity. If a called party calls the number and requests to be put
on a do-notcall list, that request must be recorded and the company must honor
that request.

Abandoned Calls. Under the new
rules, telemarketers must ensure predictive dialers abandon no more than 3
percent of placed and answered calls measured over a 30-day period. The call will be considered abandoned if it is not transferred
to a live sales agent within two seconds of the recipients completed
greeting. When a call is abandoned, a prerecorded identification message
must be delivered containing the telemarketers name, telephone number, and
notification that the call is for telemarketing purposes. Additionally,
telemarketers must allow the phone to ring for 15 seconds or four rings before
disconnecting an unanswered call. Finally, telemarketers must keep clear records with convincing
evidence that the dialers used comply with these standards.

Wireless Telephone Numbers. All live
telephone solicitations to wireless numbers are not prohibited by the FCCs
rules adopted in this order. On the other hand, wireless customers will have the
same option of registering their numbers on the federal do-not-call list if they
do not wish to receive telemarketing calls. The FCC has affirmed, however, that
companies using prerecorded messages are banned from calling wireless telephone

Caller Identification. The FCCs
telemarketing rules prohibit telemarketers from blocking caller ID information
and must transmit caller ID information. Caller ID information must include
either ANI or CPN and, when available by the telemarketers carrier, the name
of the telemarketer. The telemarketer in the case must supply convincing evidence
when its carrier cannot transmit the name of the telemarketer. The caller ID
telephone number provided must permit any individual to make a do-not-call
request during regular business hours.

Time of Day Restrictions. The FCC
has decided not to adjust the restrictions for telemarketers on time of day
calling. The FCCs rules say telemarketers must not call between the hours of
9 p.m. and 8 a.m. local time at the called partys location.

Gregory E. Kunkle, Esq., and Thomas K.
Crowe, Esq., are Washington, D.C.-based attorneys specializing
in communications matters.
They can be reached at +1 202 263 3640, via email at

Law Offices of Thomas K. Crowe, P.C.

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